Weeds

Pla

Plantain (Plantago lanceolata)

Situation:

Found in parks, sports fields and other broad area turf situations.

Occurrence:

A commonly occurring perennial weed that grows form a rosette which produces new leaves and seed heads.

Onion Weed (nothoscordum sp.)

Situation:

Generally turf farms and parks but can occur in other turf situations.

Occurrence:

An erect annual, biennial or perennial plant up to 30cm high, reproducing from seed or bulb.

Guildford Grass or Grass (Rumulea rosea)

Situation:

A weed of high cut turf, sports fields, parks and turf farms.

Occurrence:

Germinates in late autumn from a brown bulb (corm) or small brown seed. Firm, shiny, grass-like leaves grow actively through winter and it flowers in spring.

Creeping Oxalis (Oxalis corniculata)

Situation:

Found in all turf situations especially low cut turf.

Occurrence:

A perennial weed (also knows as yellow wood sorrel) that establishes form seed. Extremely persistent in low cut turf due to the stoloniferous growing habit.

Capeweed (Arctotheca calendula)

Situation:

Found in all turf situations.

Occurrence:

Capeweed (also known as cape dandelion) is an annual weed found in most areas of Australia. It establishes from seed in autumn, grows actively through winter and flowers in spring.

Bindii (Soliva sessilis)

Situation:

Found in all turf situations.

Occurrence:

Bindii is an annual weed. It establishes from seed in autumn, grows actively through winter and flowers in spring. Control should be timed to prevent seeding in spring. Major problem in parkland because when it seeds it produces burrs with sharp spines.

White Clover (Trifolium repens)

Situation:

Found in all turf situations and can be a problem in amenity areas due to attractiveness to bees

Turf Damage:

A perennial plant which can behave line an annual when moisture limits summer growth. White flowers in spring produce seed that can remain viable in the soil for many years. Stolons aid its spreading growth habit.

Crowsfoot Grass (Eleusine indica)

Situation:

Found in all turf situations. Thrives in compacted soils.

Occurrence:

A tufted hairless annual weed which can reach 50cm in height. It germinates in spring when soil temperature reaches 15-18C.

Summer Grass (Digitaria spp.)

Situation:

Found in all turf situations

Occurrence:

An annual weed (also know as crab grass) with fibrous roots and clusters of soft stems which grow close to the ground. It germinates in spring when soil temperature reaches 12-15C.

Winter Grass (Poa annua)

Situation:

Found in all turf situations.

Occurrence:

Wintergrass seed germinates in autumn.

The plants grow actively throughout winter and seed in spring. The seed heads use an uneven surface on fine turf such as golf greens. Perennial types of wintergrass can become established in some turf situations.